What caused an extreme ice-age climate in Earth’s history?

What made Earth a giant snowball 700m years ago?

Scientists decoded millions of mysterious pits in the ocean

For the first time how vertebrates shape the North Sea seafloor.

Himalayas had a leg up before reaching the skies

A new technique for measuring past topography.

Scientists discovered traces of the world’s oldest known glaciers

Scientists found evidence from relative oxygen isotope concentrations in ancient rocks.

The 36 million-year geological cycle that drives biodiversity

Tectonic movements change sea levels, potentially generating life-giving ecosystems.

A 500 million-year-old fossil reveals the amazing secrets of tunicate origins

Fossil Mega siphon thylakos reveals ancestral tunicates lived stationary.

The Campi Flegrei volcano’s crust is weakening

The Campi Flegrei volcano in southern Italy is weakening and potentially erupting.

Exploring the history of ocean chemistry through deep-sea corals

Ocean currents are not responsible for the increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide.

The first side-necked turtle was discovered in the UK

A fossil was discovered on an Isle of wight national trust beach.

An unexpected distortion in the world’s largest continental rift

The african superplume is responsible for rift-parallel seismic anisotropy.

Giants of the jurassic seas were twice as large as killer whales

Paleontologists have discovered that a pliosaur could have grown to 14.4 metres.

The research sheds light on earth’s past processes

Ancient volcanism is common in archaean cratons.

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