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MIT neuroscientists have found that neural extensions called dendrites, which act as antennae to help neurons listen to their neighbors, play a more active role in neural computation than previously thought.

Dendrites: Neurons’ antennae are unexpectedly active in neural computation

The nervous system serves as the manager of the body since it controls the functions of every other system. It communicates with bodily systems...
To locate the brain area where value information is stably maintained in mice, researchers simultaneously imaged more than 500 neurons, shown here as white circles. Credit: Komiyama Lab, UC San Diego

Scientists pinpointed brain area where value decisions are made

Neuroscientists at the University of California San Diego have recently located the brain area that makes valuable decisions based on past experiences. That brain...
SatB2-expressing neurons localized in the parabrachial nucleus (PBN) of the mouse brainstem encode positive valance and selectively transmit sweet taste signals to the gustatory thalamus (VPMpc). Credit: Ken-ichiro Nakajima / National Institute for Physiological Sciences

Scientists identified neurons in mice that encode sweetness

The gustatory system is the sensory system responsible for the perception of taste and flavor. In mice, taste signals are relayed by multiple brain...
Location of neurons predicting partner’s choices superimposed on a stained section through one animal’s amygdala. Colours indicate different nuclei. Credit: Fabian Grabenhorst

Mindreading neurons simulate decisions of social partners

A previously unknown type of neuron has been identified by scientists at the University of Cambridge, that actively and spontaneously simulates mental decision processes...
How neurons interact between brain areas?

How neurons interact between brain areas?

Most brain functions involve interactions among multiple, distinct areas or nuclei. Yet our understanding of how populations of neurons in interconnected brain areas communicate is...
Scientists discovered three new type of neurons in ear

Scientists discovered three new type of neurons in ear

The human brain is made up of a complex network of neurons. These neurons serve as the building blocks of the nervous system, transmitting...
Confocal microscopy image showing the embryonic preoptic region, sitting on the brain floor. Cortical neurogliaform cells come from this region that borders the third ventricle (middle, in black), marked by the expression of the transcription factor HMX3 (in red). (© Alexandre Dayer/UNIGE)

Most interesting quest for neuronal origins

The cerebral cortex comprises a substantial assorted variety of neurons, each showing particular qualities regarding atomic, morphological and utilitarian highlights. Yet, where are these...
Enhancement of neurotrophic factor signalling may improve memory functions

Improvement of neurotrophic factor signalling may may enhance memory functions

There are various treatments that improve brain neurotrophic factor signaling to improve memory functions in Alzheimer’s disease. But a new research by the University of Eastern Finland...
Brain, Energy, Thought, Anatomy

A novel approach for deep brain stimulation

Optogenetics is a generally received research procedure in the field of neuroscience that makes utilization of visible light to actuate or restrain neurons in...