World’s oceans in 2019 were the warmest in recorded human history

2019 broke the previous records set in prior years for global warming, and the effects are already appearing in the form of more extreme weather, rising sea levels and harm to ocean animals.

Atlantic and Pacific oscillations lost in the noise

If the Atlantic Multidecadal or Pacific Decadal oscillations existed, there would be evidence for their existence across the suite of current state-of-the-art climate model simulations.

Ocean contains nearly 200,000 species of viruses

In the oceans, the vast majority of biodiversity is contained within the microbial fraction containing prokaryotes and eukaryotic microbes, which represents ∼60% of its...