Type 2 diabetes is characterized as a lifelong progressive disease; however, affecting 400 million people worldwide, the disease increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, blindness, and amputations.
While the disease can be overseen through a combination of positive lifestyle changes and medication, it is additionally feasible for the high blood glucose levels that characterize diabetes to come back to normal– through significant calorie restriction and weight reduction.
A low-calorie diet including a total daily intake of 700 calories) for about two months has been associated with remission in the right around the vast majority of individuals with a recently diagnosed diabetes and half of the people with longstanding disease.
Be that as it may, there is little proof to indicate whether a similar impact can be accomplished by individuals experiencing less intensive interventions, which are increasingly practical and possibly adaptable to the wider. To respond to this inquiry, a group driven by scientists at the University of Cambridge examined the information from the ADDITION-Cambridge trail, a prospective cohort study of the investigation of 867 individuals with recently analyzed diabetes matured 40 and 69 years enlisted from general practices in the eastern region.
Scientists found that 257 participants (30%) participants were in remission at five-year follow-up. People who achieved a weight loss of 10% or more within the first five years after diagnosis were more than twice as likely to go into remission compared to people who maintained the same weight.
Dr. Hajira Dambha-Miller from the Department of Public Health and Primary Care said, “These interventions can be very challenging to individuals and difficult to achieve. But, our results suggest that it may be possible to get rid of diabetes, for at least five years, with a more modest weight loss of 10%. This will be more motivating and hence more achievable for many people.”
Senior author Professor Simon Griffin of the MRC Epidemiology Unit added: “This reinforces the importance of managing one’s weight, which can be achieved through changes in diet and increasing physical activity. Type 2 diabetes, while a chronic disease, can lead to significant complications, but as our study shows, can be controlled and even reversed.”
The study is published in the journal Diabetic Medicine.