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Phylloxera galls on the leaf of a grape vine

Insects hijack reproductive genes of grape vines to create own living space on plant

A new study by the University of Toledo scientists highlighted a relationship between insects and plants, paving the way towards possibilities in protecting the...
Scientists plant tobacco seedlings by hand to test alternate photorespiratory pathways in real-world field conditions. They found that these synthetic shortcuts boost productivity by 40 percent, and will now apply this breakthrough to boost the yield of food crops.

Scientists hack plant photosynthesis to boost crop yields by 40%

Photosynthesis is a process in which plants convert light energy into chemical energy, is not a wholly efficient process. A key stage in the photosynthesis process...
Professor Gabriela S. Schlau-Cohen (center) and graduate students Raymundo Moya (left) and Wei Jia Chen worked with collaborators at the University of Verona, Italy, to develop a new understanding of the mechanisms by which plants reject excess energy they absorb from sunlight so it doesn’t harm key proteins. The insights gained could one day lead to critically needed increases in yields of biomass and crops. Photo: Stuart Darsch

Understanding how plants use sunlight

The sun is the main source of energy for almost every living thing on Earth. It gives a plant the light energy it needs...
How soil microbes affects plant nutrition and growth

How soil microbes affects plant nutrition and growth?

The essential generation of plants is restricted in many biological systems by nitrogen or potentially phosphorus. The use of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers is...
View through a microscope of a young, wild-type Arabidopsis thaliana seedling with fluorescent protein marking the plasma membrane

How a hormone helps plants build leaves’ ventilation system

As the world warms up, plants face a predicament – the same small gaps they need to open to exchange gases additionally let out...
Redox regulation in plants to control photosynthetic activity Reduction/oxidation reactions in plants that control the activity of photosynthetic proteins when light is present (unshaded) and when it is absent (shaded). Unlike the well-known reactions that occur in the light, the mechanism of regulation in the dark was poorly understood. This study demonstrates that energy is funneled from the proteins to TrxL2 to 2CP and finally to hydrogen peroxide, keeping photosynthesis on standby until light is available again.

How do the plants relax photosynthesis at night?

Photosynthesis is a process used by plants in which energy from sunlight is used to convert carbon dioxide and water into molecules needed for...
How plants use carbon affects their response to climate change

How plants use carbon affects their response to climate change

The photosynthesis process is well known. Plants inhale carbon dioxide and exhale oxygen. During inhalation, plants use some of the carbon for respiration whereas some...
Venus Fly Trap

Plant relationships breakdown when they meet new ‘fungi’

Almost all plants form below-ground interaction with beneficial soil microbes. This is the most important partnership between plant roots and a type of soil fungi...
In the photo: Heli Peltola.

Sustainable use of forests mitigates climate change in many ways, study

Economical utilization of woodlands and biodiversity protection have a long-haul and far-reaching outcome for the fate of our planet. What is the ideal measure...