Chandrayaan-2, India’s second lunar exploration mission, successfully launched today and is on its way to the moon. The mission was launched by Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh at Monday at 2.43 pm.
A Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (GSLV Mk-III) ‘Bahubali’ rocket blasted off from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota. The three-stage GSLV Mk-III rocket successfully went through all the three stages and successfully injected Chandrayaan-2 into a lower Earth orbit shortly after launch.
It includes a lunar orbiter, lander and rover, all developed domestically.The main scientific objective is to map the location and abundance of lunar water.
The lander and the rover will arrive in a high plain between two craters, Manzinus C and Simpelius N, at a latitude of about 70° south. The wheeled rover will move on the lunar surface and will perform chemical investigation. It will then hand-off information to Earth through the Chandrayaan-2 orbiter and lander.
The original date of launching was July 15, 2019, but due to a technical snag, the agency called off the launch. The lunar landing mission was then rescheduled for July 22 after scientists corrected the glitch in the rocket.
Chandrayaan-2 will study the elements on the moon, map its topography through high-resolution pictures, study its minerals, and most importantly, confirm sub-surface water/ice presence.
The mission’s success brought huge relief for ISRO scientists.
Congratulating team ISRO, Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi tweeted:
Special moments that will be etched in the annals of our glorious history!
The launch of #Chandrayaan2 illustrates the prowess of our scientists and the determination of 130 crore Indians to scale new frontiers of science.
Every Indian is immensely proud today! pic.twitter.com/v1ETFneij0
— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) July 22, 2019
Praising the Isro team, the Prime Minister said, “Chandrayaan2 is unique because it will explore and perform studies on the south pole region of lunar terrain which is not explored and sampled by any past mission.”