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Quantum states of various symmetrical species. Spherical atoms have the highest geometrical symmetry, and thus exhibit the high multiplicity of quantum states, usually called degeneracy. It has long been believed that any polyatomic species cannot exceed a sphere due to geometrical limitations. However, an inflated tetrahedron exhibits the anomalous degeneracy surpassing spherical atoms.

How a tetrahedral substance can be more symmetrical than a spherical atom

Atoms normally have the most elevated level of geometrical symmetry, relating to the spherical symmetry. A fascinating property frequently emerging from symmetry is a...