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Adolescent students in a rural school in India who consumed an iron-biofortified version of the grain pearl millet exhibited improved attention and memory compared to those who consumed conventional pearl millet, according to Penn State researchers. Image: Getty images monkeybusinessimages

Consuming iron-fortified grain improves students’ attention, memory

Iron deficiency remains the most prevalent micronutrient deficiency globally, but few studies have examined how iron status relates to cognition in adolescents. Benefits of consuming...
morning stress

Expecting a stressful day may lower cognitive abilities throughout the day

According to Penn State researchers, there may be some truth to the saying "getting up on the wrong side of the bed". A new...
The schematic illustration showing the co-sintering of ceramics and 2D materials using cold sintering processing, and TEM image and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) map of cold sintered 99ZnO-1Ti3C2Tx nanocomposite. The MXene nanosheets are distributed homogeneously along the ZnO grain boundaries, as seen in the TEM image and EDS map. Image: MRI/Penn State

Sintering atomically thin materials with ceramics now possible

Sintering is the process of compacting and forming a solid mass of material by heat or pressure without melting it to the point of...
"The changes in the microbiota might affect how much vitamin D a person can metabolize, or how the body metabolizes vitamin D, so there are implications, but it's still early and that remains to be seen," said Cantorna.

Gut microbes may link with a protein to help regulate vitamin D

An accumulation of bacteria in the gut may utilize a cell signaling protein to help manage vitamin D, a key supplement that, among different...
The scientists developed a novel high-throughput sequencing technique that efficiently detected in bees both previously identified and 27 never-seen-before viruses belonging to at least six new families in a single experiment. Image: Jeff Kerby / National Geographic

Scientists discovered evidence of 27 new viruses in bees

Populations of bees around the world are declining. According to scientists, viruses are the fundamental cause behind this. Now, a team of scientists at...
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) caused by traumatic military experiences is associated with feelings of anxiety, anger, sadness and/or guilt. New Penn State research is evaluating how PTSD symptoms increase risks for academic difficulties as well. Image: Katarzyna Białasiewicz

Posttraumatic stress affects academics

A new study by the Penn State which evaluates what causes the risk of Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) found that this traumatic military experience...
speech disorder

New clues may help improve speech for people with ALS

Penn State scientists have recently identified new clues that they think will help improving speech of people with dysarthria, a speech disorder that causes...
In January 2018, the FDA expanded its restrictions, announcing that prescription cough medicines containing either codeine or hydrocodone can only be labeled for use in adults 18 and over because the risks of opioid-containing cough products outweigh the potential benefits in children. Image: © iStock Photo timsa

Study supports restrictions on opioid-containing cold medicines for children

In 2017 by considering safety concerns, American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended that a codeine-containing cough and cold medications should not be used. Thus, the...
A 10-fold increase in the ability to harvest mechanical and thermal energy over standard piezoelectric composites may be possible using a piezoelectric ceramic foam supported by a flexible polymer support, according to Penn State researchers. Image: Wang Lab/Penn State

Flexible, highly efficient multimodal energy harvesting

Penn State scientists have developed a piezoelectric ceramic foam that is expected to increase the ability to harvest mechanical and thermal energy over standard piezoelectric composites. In...