Study Visualizes Motion of Water Molecules, Promises New Wave of Electronic Devices

A real-space dynamics of liquid water.

Study Visualizes Motion of Water Molecules, Promises New Wave of Electronic Devices
An Oak Ridge National Laboratory-led research team used a sophisticated X-ray scattering technique to visualize and quantify the movement of water molecules in space and time, which provides new insights that may open pathways for liquid-based electronics. Credit: Jason Richards/Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Dept. of Energy (hi-res image)

As indicated by another way to study the viscosity of water has uncovered new bits of knowledge about the behavior of water atoms and may open pathways for fluid based electronics.

A group of specialists drove by the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory utilized a high-determination inelastic X-beam dispersing procedure to gauge the solid bond including a hydrogen particle sandwiched between two oxygen atoms. This hydrogen bond is a quantum-mechanical phenomenon responsible for various properties of water, including viscosity, which determines a liquid’s resistance to flow or to change shape.

The behavior of water, the most abundant substance on the earth, at the molecular level is not well understood.

The published study in Science Advances demonstrated that it is possible to probe real-space, real-time dynamics of water and other liquids. Previously, snapshots of water’s atomic structure have provided, but little is known about how water molecules move.

Takeshi Egami, distinguished Scientist/Professor working through the Shull Wollan Center, said, “Despite all what we know about water, it is a mysterious, atypical substance that we need to better understand to unlock its vast potential, particularly in information and energy technologies.”

“The hydrogen bond strongly affects the dynamic relationship between’s particles as they travel through space and time, however, so far the information, generally by optical laser spectroscopy, yielded wide or ‘foggy’ results with vague specificity.”

Scientists used an advanced X-ray technique known as inelastic X-ray scattering to determine molecular movement. They found that the dynamics of oxygen-to-oxygen bonding between water molecules is surprising, not random but highly coordinated.

At the point when the bond between water particles is disturbed, the solid hydrogen bonds work to keep up a steady domain over a particular timeframe.

Egami stated, “We found that the measure of the time it takes for an atom to change its ‘neighbor’ particle decides the water’s viscosity.”

“This new disclosure would invigorate additionally ponders on applying control over the consistency of different fluids.”

Scientists believe that the study could portray the atomic conduct and viscosity of ionic, or salty, fluids and other fluid substances, which would help in the advancement of new sorts of semiconductor gadgets with fluid electrolyte protecting layers, better batteries, and enhanced oils.