This is the Most Detailed Map of the Universe’s Dark Matter

Understanding more about how the universe has evolved over 14 billion years.

Have a Look Towards The Most Detailed Map Yet of The Universe's Dark Matter
Image Credit: Public Domain

As a part of ongoing Dark Energy Survey (DES), a study of distant galaxies allowed researchers to draw the most detailed map of universe’s dark matter. By measuring the light emitted from 26 million galaxies, scientists drew 10 times bigger map than the last one.

According to the researchers, it could help in understanding more about how the universe has evolved over 14 billion years.

Since 2013, the universal group behind the DES has been doing a profound wide-area scan of about 1/8th of the night sky. They just want to collect data on some 300 million galaxies billions of light years from Earth just to discover what the hell this dark energy business is all about.

Have a Look Towards The Most Detailed Map Yet of The Universe's Dark Matter
This image of the NGC 1398 galaxy was taken with the Dark Energy Camera. This galaxy lives in the Fornax cluster, roughly 65 million light-years from Earth. It is 135,000 light-years in diameter, slightly larger than our Milky Way galaxy, and contains more than a billion stars

There is a large difference between the dark energy and dark matter. But both are tightly bounded by their nature.

Dark energy is something like a black box that clarifies why the Universe is by all accounts quickening in its development.

On the other hand, dark matter is more about pulling stuff than pushing space apart. Just as mysterious, it’s a black box that explains why galaxies hold together in spite of not seeming to have enough visible matter.

Have a Look Towards The Most Detailed Map Yet of The Universe's Dark Matter
This image shows a map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies. The map covers about 1/30th of the entire sky and spans several billion light-years. Red regions have more dark matter than average, blue regions less dark matter

Understanding how the Universe spreads out over time, and how its matter clumps together, could reveal more about what exactly these things are. This requires realizing what everything looked like around 14 billion years prior when the Universe still had its infant smooth skin, an accomplishment that requires a camera that can think back in time.

By using the Planck telescope, scientists captured a snapshot in the form of the Cosmic Microwave Background. That was a map of the radiation still humming through the Universe as an echo of its earliest days.

Have a Look Towards The Most Detailed Map Yet of The Universe's Dark Matter
This high-resolution 3D visualization is a topographical map of the dark matter landscape created by Yale researchers in March. It reveals the clumps of dark matter and their distribution based on data from three distant galaxy clusters

In 2015, scientists provided the first map of the cosmos based on data from 2 million galaxies collected by its Dark Energy Camera. A new map generated by scientists is 10 times bigger by using gravitational lensing.

Comparing Planck’s map with the one produced by the DES supports the consensus on how much dark matter and dark energy there seems to be.

Researcher Joe Zuntz from the University of Edinburgh said, “The DES measurements when compared with the Planck map, support the simplest version of the dark matter/dark energy theory. The moment we realized that our measurement matched the Planck result within 7 percent was thrilling for the entire collaboration.”

The difference between the two results could mean that mass is clumping more slowly than current physics predicts. It indirectly indicates something undiscovered.

Professor Scott Dodelson said, “This result is beyond exciting. For the first time, we’re able to see the current structure of the universe’s dark matter with the same clarity that we can see its infancy. We can follow the threads from one to the other, confirming many predictions along the way.”