Exercise after heart attack could save your life

Becoming more physically active after a myocardial infarction halves the risk of dying within 4 years.

Two female hands holding a 3d printed human heart
Two female hands holding a 3d printed human heart Image: Shutterstock

According to research presented today at EuroPrevent 2018, a European Society of Cardiology Congress, physical activeness after heart disease could decrease the danger of death. This study, which was a collaboration between the GIH and Centre for Health and Performance at Gothenburg University, Sweden, assessed the association between physical activity and survival after a heart attack.

Physically active people are less likely to have a heart attack and more likely to live longer.

The study included 22,227 patients in Sweden who had a myocardial infarction between 2005 and 2013. Scientists gathered the data from the RIKS-HIA registry, SEPHIA registry, and Swedish Census registry.

Levels of the physical movement were accounted for 6-10 weeks and a year after the heart assault. The contrast between answers was viewed as a change in physical activity throughout the year following the heart assault.

On the two events, patients were asked how often they had practiced for 30 minutes or longer amid the past seven days. Patients were arranged as continually inert, decreased movement, expanded action, or always dynamic.

Almost 1,087 patients passed on amid a normal follow-up of 4.2 years. The specialists broke down the relationship between the four classes of physical movement and passing, in the wake of modifying for age, sex, smoking, and clinical variables. Contrasted with patients who were always latent, the danger of death was 37%, 51%, and 59% lower in patients in the classifications of diminished action, expanded the movement, or continually dynamic, separately.

Dr. Ekblom said: “Our study shows that patients can reduce their risk of death by becoming physically active after a heart attack. Patients who reported being physically active 6 to 10 weeks after the heart attack but became inactive afterward seem to have a carry-over benefit. But of course, the benefits for active people are even greater if they remain physically active.”

“The study provided additional evidence for healthcare professionals and policy makers to systematically promote physical activity in heart attack patients. Exercising twice or more a week should be automatically advocated for heart attack patients in the same way that they receive advice to stop smoking, improve diet, and reduce stress.”

“Our study shows that this advice applies to all heart attack patients,” he continued. “Exercise reduced the risk of death in patients with large and small myocardial infarctions, and for smokers and non-smokers, for example.”

Although the study did not analyze the patterns of exercise. They believe that the further study will help them find out if there is any type of activity that is especially beneficial after a heart attack.